Constructing a single-family home requires the collaborative effort of many specialists. It involves not only construction but also a substantial amount of paperwork. Obtaining various permits, declarations, preparing different outlines, and maps are essential. For this reason, the work of a surveyor is crucial.
A surveyor's role during construction is highly significant, necessitating multiple visits to the construction site. Preparing comprehensive documentation demands precision and numerous hours of work. Many individuals wonder about the tasks a surveyor undertakes during construction. In this article, we will describe the entire scope of a surveyor's work, their responsibilities, and the entire collaboration process between them and the investor.
After purchasing a plot of land, one of the first professionals an investor should collaborate with is a surveying company. They appear on the site even before a geologist, architect, or construction company. The surveyor's task is to determine construction boundaries and prepare detailed documentation on a map. This documentation will later be required for obtaining construction permits and building inspection approval. Without a surveyor's work, the execution of the construction project is practically impossible. The precise collaboration process with the surveyor can be described through the following subpoints.
Map for Design Purposes
The first task a surveyor undertakes on a construction site is preparing a map for design purposes. This map is essential for obtaining a construction permit. To create it, it's necessary to order a basic map from the local Department of Geodesy and Cartography. All subsequent surveying services will be based on this map, so ensuring its accuracy is crucial. At this stage, it's also recommended to apply for information on local spatial development plans or building conditions. This accelerates the process of designing the land for home construction.
Once the basic map is obtained, the surveyor goes directly to the construction site and performs fieldwork. Their task involves measuring all elements present on the plot. The map for design purposes may encompass elements such as fences, trees, power lines, connections, positions of other buildings, plot boundaries, building lines, and more. Precision in these tasks is crucial; the map for design purposes should be created at a scale of 1:500 (for urban areas) or 1:1000 (for rural areas). After completing this map, the surveyor submits it to the authorities, where it must be approved and its data integrated into official databases. Subsequently, the map for design purposes is sealed, and the process moves on to the next stages of work.
Typically, several copies of this map are created (e.g., three copies). One copy is attached to the application for a permit to construct the single-family home, and another must be provided to the architect handling the building's design.
Delineating the Area for a Single-Family Home
Once the investor obtains a construction permit, the process of precisely defining the area for construction begins. To accomplish this, the surveyor needs access to information on the local spatial development plan or building conditions.
The surveyor's tasks include identifying the intersection points of the building's axes and corners. This is crucial for future foundation excavations. After the surveyor defines the area, the construction company with excavation equipment arrives and removes topsoil from the construction site. Only after this work is completed does the surveyor return to the construction site.
Another task for the surveyor is precisely marking the area for the home construction. This involves establishing the building's axis, main points, outer wall axes, and zero point. This work is typically carried out using stakes and pegs. These measurements should be documented by the surveyor in the construction journal.
It's important to note that the map for design purposes is only valid for three months. According to the law, after this period, the map may become outdated, and further work cannot rely on it. Thus, careful planning of the surveyor's work is essential. Redoing the map for design purposes not only prolongs the construction timeline but also adds extra costs.
The final interaction with the surveyor occurs after the entire construction process is completed. It's not only the single-family home construction that should be finished, but also the land development process (fencing, landscaping, trees, etc.). The surveyor visits the plot and creates an inventory map. This map entails precise measurements of the completed work, which are then compared to the initial guidelines.
The inventory map, once prepared, facilitates the official acceptance of the single-family home at the administrative office. Thanks to this map, officials don't need to visit the construction site for verification; they can do it based on the documentation prepared by the surveying company.
All mapping and site delineation must be carried out by a qualified specialist. According to the Geodetic and Cartographic Law, this should be a surveyor with the appropriate qualifications for situational-altitudinal, executive, and inventory surveys.
Undoubtedly, a surveyor's work is essential to initiate and successfully conduct construction projects. Moreover, collaboration with a surveyor should be considered not only when starting the construction of a single-family home. Their services are valuable when demarcating property boundaries, dividing plots, developing land, or modifying existing connections, even during home renovations. The scope of a surveyor's work often encompasses more services than one might initially think.
When selecting a surveyor for collaboration, it's important to remember that price isn't always the best criterion. Prioritize experience and previous client feedback when making your choice. This ensures professionalism and guarantees the completion of work efficiently and fast.
The New-House company provides its services comprehensively, which is why we collaborate with specialists in various fields, including surveying professionals. Among our collaborators are verified, trusted experts who have been assisting us in realizing the dreams of single-family homes for our clients for many years. Completing to a developer-ready state takes six months, while constructing a turnkey home takes nine months. We have successfully built around fifteen hundred homes, and you can view some of them on our website: https://new-house.com.pl/realizacje. We also encourage you to explore our customers' feedback about working with New-House on: https://new-house.com.pl/referencje.
If you have any questions or are interested in learning more about our offerings, please feel free to contact us. We are available every day from 7 am to 9 pm. You can find our contact information at: https://new-house.com.pl/kontakt.
Various formalities need to be navigated to carry out home construction. One of these is collaborating with a surveying company and creating a map for design purposes. This document is pivotal and can impact whether your application for a single-family home construction permit is approved by the local authorities.
Topics like map for design purposes often raise many questions and uncertainties among investors. While administrative matters may seem complex, they don't have to be. Today, we'll provide answers to frequently asked questions about map for design purposes. After reading this article, dealing with these formalities may not seem as daunting and complicated.
What is a Map for Design Purposes?
To better understand map for design purposes, let's start with its definition. It is one type of geodetic map developed at the request of an investor. It's essential for all construction work that requires obtaining a construction permit or filing notifications for such work with the local authorities. The map for design purposes covers the area of the specified object, along with a thirty-meter buffer zone around it.
The exact details of this document are thoroughly described in the Regulation on the Type and Scope of Geodetic-Cartographic Studies and Geodetic Activities Required in Construction. This regulation was issued by the Minister of Spatial Planning and Construction on February 21, 1995.
Why is Such a Map Needed?
The map for design purposes is primarily necessary to obtain permission for single-family home construction. It's also used to plan the route of utility installations on the plot. Additionally, it plays a vital role in creating an inventory map later on. The surveyor must compare the completed home, its dimensions, and parameters with the preliminary assumptions outlined in the map for design purposes. Based on this analysis, the authorities perform a building inspection, and at this point, the building becomes fit for occupancy.
What's Required to Prepare a Map for Design Purposes?
To create a map for design purposes, the surveyor will need a basic map as a base. This is a cartographic base that defines the geodetic and cartographic resources of the given area. You can obtain it by contacting the local County Office in the Department of Geodesy and Cartography. The subsequent surveying work will be based on this basic map, and the surveyor will overlay information about all elements present on the plot.
However, it's important to ensure that the map you're using is up-to-date. Designing anything based on a map that doesn't reflect the current state of affairs is entirely impossible. The construction plan presented will not align with reality, and the authorities will not approve the project.
What Does a Surveyor's Work Involve in Creating the Map?
Firstly, it's necessary to obtain the previously mentioned basic map from the authorities. Once obtained, the surveyor should visit the construction plot and measure everything present on it, such as various buildings, poles, trees, existing connections, or power lines. Every element found on the building plot should be marked on the map. The prepared map for design purposes should be submitted back to the authorities, where the included information should be transferred to the official database. In the next step, the authorities should provide a stamp signifying approval of the presented base. After this process, you can proceed with the subsequent tasks related to the project's realization.
What Should Be Included in the Map for Design Purposes?
The surveyor preparing the map should include everything present on the given building plot. This means that the map can contain elements such as:
Information about the plot's boundaries,
Information about the plot's orientation,
Buildings, small architecture,
Underground and above-ground utility components,
Water, sewer, electrical, gas installations,
Furthermore, the finalized project map, which is issued by the authorities after prior approval and stamping, should also contain clearly defined formal elements. These include:
Plot's registration number
Registration numbers of adjacent plots,
Plot and street designations,
Official seal with date,
Surveyor's seal with credentials,
What Scale Should the Map for Design Purposes Be Prepared In?
The appearance of such a map is not always uniform. The scale at which the map is prepared depends on the location of the building plot. As a result, it usually comes in three different scales:
1:500 – this is the standard scale most commonly used by surveyors during construction.
1:1000 – this scale is used for mapping areas with a medium level of urbanization.
1:2000 – this scale is rarely used for project maps and is employed for less urbanized locations with widely dispersed buildings.
How Long Is Such a Map Valid?
According to the law in force in Poland, a project map becomes invalid after three months. This is because of the concern that the document may lose its validity after this time. If its validity expires, it will be necessary to redo the entire work, incurring additional costs for the investor.
How Long Does the Process of Creating a Map Take?
This is an individual matter and depends on the map's creator, the conditions on the plot, and cooperation with the authorities. Typically, the process of creating a project map takes anywhere from 3 weeks to 3 months.
Who Can Create a Map for Design Purposes?
The project map must be created by an individual with the appropriate qualifications for such work. In the geodetic and cartographic law, it is clearly stipulated that it should be a licensed surveyor, specialized in geodetic measurements, both situational-altitude and executory and inventory.
We understand that building a house can be stressful – there are many formalities to handle, and you need to find specialists who will perform their services efficiently and accurately. To alleviate investors from this burden, we offer comprehensive house building services where we not only handle the construction itself but also manage the formalities.
We have been providing such services since 1991 and have completed around fifteen hundred single-family homes. Photos from some of our projects are available on our website: https://new-house.com.pl/realizacje. We invite you to take a look. If you're dreaming of building your own single-family home, we invite you to collaborate with us. We build homes based on existing designs (https://new-house.com.pl/projekty-domow), as well as custom designs. By using our house building cost calculator, you can determine the cost of building your dream home: https://new-house.com.pl/kalkulator-budowy-domu.
If you have any questions or would like to learn more about our services, please don't hesitate to contact us!
Building a single-family home involves not only the construction itself but also significant formal matters. Among the documents that are crucial during home construction and project creation are geodetic maps. These maps are very important and significantly impact the quality and efficiency of home construction. In today's article, we will provide you with all the essential information about geodetic maps.
What Are Geodetic Maps?
An up-to-date geodetic map is undoubtedly beneficial for any investor starting a home construction project. It contains essential information about selected areas, including details about plot utilities, soil conditions, land development, and topography. The information depicted on geodetic maps is the result of precise work and analysis carried out by licensed surveyors. It is crucial for investors to use only current geodetic maps. Often, maps available in local authorities are archival documents, in which case it will be necessary to obtain an updated map. Otherwise, the building permit, applied for along with the geodetic map, might not be granted.
What Are Geodetic Maps Used For?
Geodetic maps come in various types, and their purpose depends primarily on their use. Geodetic maps are needed when you are considering purchasing a property, carrying out construction, or dividing land.
What Are the Types of Geodetic Maps?
Building a single-family home involves the use of three types of geodetic maps: the basic map, the project map, and the inventory map.
The Basic Map is a fundamental document used in this process. It is typically created at a scale of 1:1000. This map indicates property boundaries and connections to utilities. You can obtain it from the local county office in the geodesy and cartography department. To obtain this map, you need to submit an application and pay a small fee. The waiting time for issuing such a map is usually not long. However, it's important to ensure that the map in the office reflects current data, as official maps are rarely updated. The basic map is used to create a map intended for project purposes.
The Project Map is created by a surveyor to develop a plan for the plot where the construction will take place. This step is essential for obtaining a building permit and commencing construction. This document is also used when designing building connections. This map is usually created at a scale of 1:500. It's important to note that the validity of this map is limited and typically expires after three months. In such cases, a new geodetic map will need to be created.
The last among the geodetic maps is the inventory map, also known as the post-construction map. It is created upon completion of construction work. This map allows for presenting the results of the work and confirming their compliance with the initial guidelines.
What Information Do Geodetic Maps Contain?
The basic map provides information such as:
Land registry data,
Building registry data,
The project map will include information such as:
Buildings on the plot,
Plot registration number,
Adjacent plot registration numbers,
Plot and street markings,
Where Can You Find Current Geodetic Maps?
You can obtain the basic geodetic map from the local County Office or Municipal Office. Geodetic maps can also be found on region-specific map-related websites. Investors also frequently use the national platform called Geoportal.
New-House has been engaged in building homes since 1991, having completed over fifteen hundred single-family homes during this time. We specialize in homes constructed using masonry technology, with the most common materials being ceramic brick, silicate brick, or gas concrete. New-House relies on proven employees who possess extensive experience and specialized knowledge in the profession. The majority of New-House's workforce has been with the company for at least ten years, with some having twenty years of experience. Thanks to our dependable and trusted workers and the use of high-quality materials, we can provide investors with a ten-year warranty covering the entire construction scope.
Homes built by New-House are of high quality, and all work is executed with exceptional efficiency. A home in the developer's standard is completed within six months, while a turnkey construction takes only nine months! On the New-House website https://new-house.com.pl/kalkulator-budowy-domu, you can easily check the cost of building a house using a user-friendly house construction cost calculator prepared by specialists.
It's worth knowing that New-House operates throughout Poland. Our comprehensive services encompass not only construction but also continuous support for the client throughout the project. Collaboration with investors can begin as early as during the search for land and design, as well as obtaining building permits and implementing construction connections. We take care of every detail.
Interested in our offer? We encourage you to get in touch with our representatives. We are more than happy to answer your questions about geodetic maps and provide details about our services. You can find our contact information at: https://new-house.com.pl/kontakt.